Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have an adverse effect on health. It is defined by body mass index (BMI)and further evaluated in terms of fat distribution via the waist–hip ratio and total cardiovascular risk factors.

BMI is closely related to both percentage body fat and total body fat.

BMI is defined as the subject’s weight divided by the square of their height and is calculated as follows.

BMI = m/h2
where m and h are the subject’s weight and height respectively.

BMI (kg/m2) Classification
From Up to
< 18.5 underweight
18.5 25 normal weight
25 30 overweight
30 35 class I obesity
35 40 class II obesity
40 > class III obesity

Causes

  • Diet
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Genetics
  • Other illnesses
  • Social determinants
  • Gut bacteria

Effects on Health

Excessive body weight is associated with various diseases, particularly cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus type 2, obstructive sleep apnea, certain types of cancer osteoarthritis and asthma.

Management

To reduce obesity one should avoid its causative factors like over eating and sedentary life style.

  • Person should take proper balanced diet.
  • Daily exercise must be done.

In homoeopathy there are medicines which help in reducing body weight. Even medicines also help in reducing overweight in females due to pregnancy and after delivery. Homoeopathic physician should be consulted for proper medication.

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