What is the insomnia?

Insomnia is difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep, even when a person has the
chance to do so.

People with insomnia can feel dissatisfied with their sleep and usually experience
one or more of the following symptoms: fatigue, low energy, difficulty
concentrating, mood disturbances, and decreased performance in work or at school.

How long does insomnia last?

Insomnia may be characterized based on its duration.

  • Acute insomniais brief and often happens because of life circumstances (for
    example, when you can’t fall asleep the night before an exam, or after
    receiving stressful or bad news).
  • Chronic insomnia is disrupted sleep that occurs at least three nights per week
    and lasts at least three months. Chronic insomnia disorders can have many
    causes. Changes in the environment, unhealthy sleep habits, shift
    work, other clinical disorders, and certain medications could lead to a long-
    term pattern of insufficient sleep.

What causes insomnia?

  • Psychological issues -depression, anxiety disorders.
  • Medical conditions -brain lesions and tumors, stroke, chronic
    pain, chronic fatiguesyndrome, congestive heart failure, angina, acid-reflux
    disease (GERD), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, sleep apnea,
    Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s diseases, hyperthyroidism, arthritis.
  • Hormones – estrogen, hormone shifts during menstruation.
  • Other factor – sleeping next to a snoring partner, parasites, genetic conditions,
    overactive mind, pregnancy.
  • Media technology in the bedroom
  • Medications

Who gets insomnia?
Insomnia Image1
Shift workers commonly suffer from insomnia because of inconsistent sleep routines.

Some people are more likely to suffer from insomnia than others; these include:

  • Travelers
  • Shift workers with frequent changes in shifts (day vs. night)
  • The elderly
  • Drug users
  • Adolescent or young adult students
  • Pregnant women
  • Menopausal women
  • Those with mental health disorders

Signs and symptoms of insomnia

  • Difficulty falling asleep at night
  • Waking during the night
  • Waking earlier than desired
  • Still feeling tired after a night's sleep
  • Daytime fatigue or sleepiness
  • Irritability, depression, or anxiety
  • Poor concentration and focus
  • Being uncoordinated, an increase in errors or accidents
  • Tension headaches (feels like a tight band around head)
  • Difficulty socializing
  • Gastrointestinal symptoms
  • Worrying about sleeping