Flatulence is defined in the medical literature as “flatus expelled through the anus” or which is defined in turn as “marked by or affected with gases generated in the intestine or stomach; likely to cause digestive flatulence”
Symptoms –There are five general symptoms related to intestinal gas.
Bloating and abdominal distension,
Excessive flatus volume,
Excessive flatus smell and
Gas incontinence. Furthermore, eructation / burping is sometimes included in flatulence
Causes –Intestinal gas is composed of varying quantities of exogenous sources and endogenous sources.
The exogenous gases are swallowed (aerophagia) when eating or drinking or increased swallowing during times of excessive salivation (as might occur when nauseated or as the result of gastro esophageal reflux disease).
Theendogenousgases are produced either as a by-product of digesting certain types of food, or of incomplete digestion. As in case of steatorrhoea, anything that causes food to be incompletely digested by the stomach or small intestine may cause flatulence when the material arrives in the large intestine, due to fermentation by yeast or prokaryotes normally or abnormally present in the gastrointestinal tract.
Flatulence-producing foods are typically high in certain polysaccharides, especially oligosaccharides. Those foods include beans, , dairy products, onions, garlic, spring onions, turnips, Swedes, radishes, potatoes, potatoes, cashews, oats, wheat, and yeast in breads. Cauliflower, broccoli, cabbage, sprouts
Management &Treatment –One method of reducing the volume of flatus produced is dietary modification, reducing the amount of fermentable carbohydrates
Certainspices have been reported to counteract the production of intestinal gas, most notably the closely related cumin, coriander,caraway,fenneland others such asajwain,turmeric,asafetida(hing),epazote. Most starches, including potatoes, corn, noodles, and wheat, produce gas as they are broken down in the large intestine.
Probiotics(live yogurt) are reputed to reduce flatulence when used to restore balance to the normal intestinal flora. Live (bioactive) yogurt contains, among other lactic bacteria, which may be useful in reducing flatulence.
Digestive enzyme also available for reducing flatulence.
Homoeopathic treatment for flatulence–There are so many medicines which help in treating flatulence. One must consult homoeopathic physician for proper treatment according to individual’s complain. Here are below given some top ranked homoeopathic medicines for flatulence.
Carbo Veg–is suited for nearly every kind of symptoms that are associated with gas- belching, flatulence, pains, bloating. It is indicated in excessive gas formation and pain in epigastric region and when everything eaten seems to get converted into gas. Carbo Veg is also indicated in complaints of obstructive flatulency (pains around heart, abdomen or anywhere) that are relieved by passing gas.
Lycopodium — is indicated in cases where the involvement of lower abdomen or hypo gastric region is more pronounced, also when gas is produced in the evening hours. Lycopodium patients usually complain of a constant sense of fermentation in the abdomen.
China / cinchona officinalis — is more indicated in cases where whole abdomen bloats like a drum.
Nux Vomica — suits those who are more affected by gas problem because of excessive consumption of alcohol and or rich food.