What is anemia?

Anemia is a decrease in the total amount of red blood cells (RBCs) or hemoglobin in the blood. It can also be defined as a lowered ability of the blood to carry oxygen.

Types of anemia–There are three main types of anemia:

  • Due to blood loss,
  • Due to decreased red blood cell production and
  • Due to increased red blood cell breakdown
  • Causes of blood loss include trauma and gastrointestinal bleeding, among others. Causes of decreased production include iron deficiency, a lack of vitamin B12, thalassemia, and a number of neoplasms.
  • Causes of increased breakdown include a number of genetic conditions such as sickle cell anemia, infections like malaria, and certain autoimmune diseases.
  • It can also be classified based on the size of red blood cells and amount of hemoglobin in each cell. If the cells are small, it is microcytic anemia. If they are large, it is macrocytic anemia while if they are normal sized, it is normocytic anemia.

Usually, in people nutritional deficiency that is either IRON deficiency or VITAMIN B12 deficiency (megaloblastic) anemia are more common.

Causes

  • In men and post-menopausal women, the most common cause is bleeding in the stomach and intestines. Due to stomach ulcer, stomach cancer, bowel cancer, or by taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
  • In women of reproductive age, heavy periods and pregnancy are the most common causes of iron deficiency anaemia as your body needs extra iron for your baby during pregnancy.

Unless you’re pregnant, it’s rare for iron deficiency anaemia to be caused just by a lack of iron in your diet. However, if you do lack dietary iron, it may mean you’re more likely to develop anaemia than if you have one of the problems mentioned above.

Signs and symptomsThe most common symptoms include:

  • tiredness and lack of energy (lethargy)
  • shortness of breath
  • noticeable heartbeats (heart palpitations)
  • a pale complexion
  • Less common symptoms include:
  • headache
  • ringing in ears (tinnitus)
  • an altered sense of taste
  • feeling itchy
  • a sore or abnormally smooth tongue
  • hair loss
  • a desire to eat non-food items, such as ice, paper or clay
  • difficulty swallowing (dysphagia)
  • painful open sores (ulcers) on the corners of your mouth
  • spoon-shaped nails

Diagnosis — in men is based on a hemoglobin of less than 130 to 140 g/L (13 to 14 g/dL), while in women, it must be less than 120 to 130 g/L (12 to 13 g/dL), Further testing is then required to determine the cause

Treatment –Treatments for anemia depend on cause and severity.,

  • Vitamin supplements given orally (folic acid or vitamin B12) or intramuscularly (vitamin B12) will replace specific deficiencies.
  • Oral iron – Mild to moderate iron-deficiency anemia is treated by oral iron supplementation with ferrous sulfate, ferrous fumarate, or ferrous gluconate.
  • When taking iron supplements, stomach upset and/or darkening of the feces are commonly experienced. Vitamin C aids in the body’s ability to absorb iron, so taking oral iron supplements with orange juice is of benefit.
  • In anemias of chronic disease, associated with chemotherapy, or associated with renal disease, to stimulate RBC production, although since there is also concurrent iron deficiency and inflammation present, parenteral iron is advised to be taken concurrently.
  • Injectable iron – In cases where oral iron has either proven ineffective, or where absorption is impeded parenteral iron can be used. The body can absorb up to 6 mg iron daily from the gastrointestinal tract.
  • Blood transfusion – Blood transfusions in those without symptoms is not recommended until the hemoglobin is below 60 to 80 g/L (6 to 8 g/dL).

Homoeopathic treatment

  • Ferrum Metallicum: Best Homeopathic medicine for Anemia
  • Aletris Farinosa: Homeopathic medicine for Anemia in women with extreme fatigue
  • China: one of the Best Homeopathic medicines for Anemia following excessive bleeding
  • Natrum Mur: One of the best Homeopathic medicines for Anemia with weight loss
  • Homeopathic medicine Ferrum Phos a haemoglobin enhancer
  • Homeopathic medicines for Pernicious Anemia are Picric Acid and Phosphorus. The symptoms that help in selection of Picric Acid are extreme weakness and prostration. Very marked weakness is present with a tired feeling all day. Tingling in limbs with needle-like sensation is often present. There is also an aversion to do any kind of work. Phosphorus is a Homeopathic remedy of great help when there is a numbness of hands and arms. Longstanding diarrhea with weakness is also experienced. An increased desire for cold drinks and ice creams is often noticed in persons who can benefit with Homeopathic medicine Phosphorus.
  • Arsenic Album, Natrum Mur and Alstonia Scholaris are efficient natural Homeopathic remedies for Anemia due to malaria.
  • Ferrum Phos and Aletris Farinosa is very efficient Homeopathic medicines for Anemia during pregnancy.
  • Alumina and Calcarea Carb are the Homeopathic medicines for anemia that work well to control pica (desire for indigestible things like-chalk or coffee/tea grounds or dry rice, etc.

Although one should consult homoeopathic physician for proper treatment and complete cure of anaemia.